Refinishing Flooring

Whether you’ve had wood floors for a long time or just discovered them under old carpeting, you’ve probably considered refinishing them.  Waxing and/or buffing often provide a good shine, but refinishing the floor is usually the only way to regain the original richness and beauty of the wood.


Weirman & Sons Hardwood Floors 16 Step refinishing process ensures the rejuvenation of your floors to the apex of their current potential.



Open Coat

For very old or damaged floors, we begin by sanding with 16 or 24 grit paper, known as open coat abrasives.  This aggressive sanding is used to address deeply penetrated finish products and to even out elevation problems within and between boards.

Preparation of the Test Patch

You need to be excited about the color of your new floor, and we need to know you’re excited.

That’s why we do a test patch on every job. On a small area of your floor, we quickly go through our whole sanding cycle, then apply a sealer and one finish coat, so you can see what the new color looks like: not in a picture or a handheld swatch, but right there on the floor, where you can view it with your family in natural light.

We will leave this patch alone as we work until you let us know you’re comfortable with the color of your new floor. If necessary, we can use this patch to test stain options.

Cut Sanding

The typical cut sand is done with 40 grit paper. If the floor has been sanded with open coat, the cut sand will “smooth out” the rough surface left by the coarse sandpaper. Often, though, this is our first pass with the sanding gear, and its purpose is to remove old finish products and expose the raw wood of the floor, preparing the surface for trowel filling.


Besides using cutting edge dust containment gear, we use backpack vacuums to keep a clean worksite all the way through the process. Here, we want to remove debris and dust before filling the floor so that wood filler left in your floor is free of contaminants.

Slick Sand

After the filler has dried, we “slick” the floor with 80 grit abrasives. This step removes excess wood filler, leaving it in any cracks and gaps where it belongs, addresses sanding marks left by earlier passes, and leaves the floor smooth and ready for screening.

Scrape Corners

At this point in the process, we begin to work on the areas where our machinery cannot reach. Every inside corner of the floor is meticulously scraped by hand to remove old finish, then hand-sanded with 40 and 80 grit paper.


After thoroughly vacuuming your floor again, we use an orbital floor buffer with 80-100 grit screens to take your floor to a whole new level of smooth. Screen abrasives look just like screens on your windows. They are a light abrasive which close the grain and removes scratches left after the slick sand.

Hand Screen Butt Ends

The special attention we pay to the edges of your floors helps ensure a more beautiful floor with maximum adhesion and longevity. The more we abrade (sand) your floor, the more adhesion points are created for chemical bonding with the finish product.

Vacuuming and Dry Tacking

Remember what Mom said about cleanliness? It’s a huge part of professional finishing to “coat clean”. We take every measure to ensure we’re applying finish to the cleanest surface possible, which translates to a more dramatic, more durable floor for you. We thoroughly vacuum every square inch of the floor and then tack it with a dry electrostatic mop to get it as pristine as possible.

Stain or Natural?

With the help of test patches we have provided earlier in the process, you’ll know by now what color you want your floor to be. If you’ve chosen the natural color, we’ll apply a sealer coat now. If you’ve chosen to have us stain the wood to a color other than its natural hue, this is when it is applied. Stain is rubbed in by hand, then toweled dry with clean rags, and left to cure. A sealer coat is applied to the floor once stain has dried to protect and lock-in the new look.

First Sealer Coat

After vacuuming the floor again, and damp-tacking to ensure it is as clean as it can be, it’s time to generously lay down our first coat of sealer.

Second Sealer Coat

After the coat is set it’s time to lay down our second coat of sealer.


After the second coat has dried (usually the next day), we then will use our buffers and our hands to screen your floor again with a pad or screen rated between 100 and 150, depending on how the wood has responded to our first application of finish. This step will smooth out any raised grain in your floor and provides a scored surface for excellent “bite” on the final coat.

First Finish Coat

We vacuum again, damp tack to get your floor ultra clean, then float in another fat coat of finish. Our quest is the Perfect Coat for your floors.

Second Finish Coat

We float in another fat coat of finish. Our quest is the Perfect Coat for your floors.

Trim Placement

After the finish coat has cured, we re-install all removed trim and doors. After the second coat of finish has dried, you’re ready to enjoy your beautiful new floor by Weirman and Sons.